The arena of locally embedded and engendered responses to climate change offers a particularly fruitful and challenging space in which to scrutinise the encounters between established forms of governance and knowledge as they become entwined with locally generated forms of self – organisation. The issue of climate change offers a particul arly fertile case for study because to date it has largely been dominated by state and market – based responses and associated forms of governance selectively articulated with knowledge generated through scientific and expert modes of knowledge. Drawing on c omparative research the article investigates how place – based forms of self – organisation relate to existing governance’, knowledge and action. The article draws on case studies of self – organising locally based groups in Germany , the Netherlands and the Unit ed Kingdom that are addressing climate change, in a broad sense, within their locality. These groups represent a range of responses to the issue and associated modes of action, exhibit different levels and forms of ‘organisation’ and interface with more es tablished forms of governance in different ways.